Sixtus IV

(Francesco della Rovere; r. 1471-1484)
   Sixtus IV was a Franciscan who served as the general of the order in 1464. In 1467, he received the cardinalate at the recommendation of the Greek Cardinal Basilius Bessarion who admired him for the theological treatises he wrote on divisive questions among Franciscans and Dominicans. When Pope Paul II died suddenly in 1471, Sixtus emerged as the favorite candidate during the conclave, his election ensured by his nephew Pietro Riario's promises of preferred treatment to the attending cardinals. Sixtus' reign was punctuated by modest successes in crusades against the Turks, strained relations with Louis XI who required that papal decrees receive royal approval prior to their publication in France, negotiations with Russia for the unification of its church with that of Rome, and their support in the fight against the Turks. Sixtus also set up the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and confirmed Tomás de Torquemada as grand inquisitor.
   On the domestic front, Sixtus gave added privileges to the mendicant orders and he approved the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. He showered his family with favors, including his two nephews, Pietro Riario and Giuliano della Rovere, both of whom he appointed to the cardinalate soon after his election to the throne. In 1478, Sixtus was involved in the Pazzi Conspiracy against the Medici, which resulted in war against Florence (1478-1480). In 1482, he also involved himself in the war between Venice and Ferrara and, in the following year, he turned on Venice by imposing an interdict (suspension of public worship and withdrawal of the Church's sacraments) on the city.
   Sixtus also committed himself to the aggrandizement of the papacy. To this effect, he called leading masters to Rome to work on the Sistine Chapel decorations, among them Pietro Perugino, Domenico del Ghirlandaio, and Sandro Botticelli. He was also the patron of Melozzo da Forli, whose experiments in perspective changed the history of ceiling painting, and Antonio del Pollaiuolo, who rendered his tomb in St. Peter's. Sixtus' restoration campaign, which included the widening and repaving of roads, the refurbishing of the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, and the building of Santa Maria della Pace, his family's final resting place, has earned him the recognition of having transformed Rome from a medieval to a Renaissance city.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sixtus V. — Sixtus V. Sixtus V. (* 13. Dezember 1521 in Grottammare, Marken; † 27. August 1590 in Rom), bürgerlicher Name Felice Peretti di Montalto, war von 1585 bis 1590 Papst der katholischen Kirche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sixtus — (Ξύστος Xýstos ‚der Feine, Glatte‘) ist der Name folgender Personen: Sixtus (Bischof) (1. Jh. n. Chr.), erster Bischof von Reims Hl. Sixtus I. (115–125), Papst Hl. Sixtus II. (257–258), Papst Hl. Sixtus III. (432–440), Papst Sixtus IV.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sixtus V —     Pope Sixtus V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sixtus V     (FELICE PERETTI).     Born at Grottamare near Montalto, 13 December, 1521; elected 24 April, 1585; crowned 1 May, 1585; died in the Quirinal, 27 August, 1590. He belonged to a… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sixtus — was a Roman name, a corruption of the Greek name polytonic|Ξυστος, meaning polished, and originally Latinized Xystus. It is not to be confused with the common Roman name Sextus, meaning sixth, though not necessarily denoting a sixth child.… …   Wikipedia

  • Sixtus II. — am Hochaltar der Kirche von Altenfelden (Oberösterreich) Sixtus II. († 6. August 258) (Xystus) war Papst von Rom vom 30. August 257 bis zum 6. August 258. Sein Name bedeutet: S(e)xtus = der Sechste (lateinisch) bzw. (hier wahrscheinlicher) Xystus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sixtus IV —     Pope Sixtus IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sixtus IV     (FRANCESCO DELLA ROVERE)     Born near Abisola, 21 July, 1414; died 12 Aug., 1484. His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan order. Later… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sixtus I. — Sixtus I. († um 125) (lat. griechisch Xystus) war etwa von 115 bis zu seinem Tode Bischof von Rom und wird als Priester und Märtyrer bezeichnet. Biografische Daten sind nicht überliefert. Er gilt als Römer und wird erstmals in der Papstliste des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sixtus — ● sixtus nom masculin En Suisse, épingle à cheveux formant ressort. sixtus n. m. (Suisse) Pince à cheveux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SIXTUS IV° — (b. Francesco della Rovere; 1414–1484), pope from 1471 to 1484. In Italy the reign of Sixtus IV marks a high point of tolerance. The pope used Jewish physicians, and perhaps employed Jews for the collection, copying, and translation of Hebrew… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sixtus — Sixtus. I. Päpste: 1) S. I., römischer Bischof von 116 od. 119 bis 127 od. 128, soll die Feste vor Ostern eingeführt haben u. endlich enthauptet worden sein; er wird deshalb als Märtyrer verehrt. 2) S. II., wurde 257 Bischof u. 258 in der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sixtus — Sixtus, Name von fünf römischen Päpsten: 1) S. I., Heiliger, 116 (?) bis 125 (?), angeblich Märtyrer. Fest: 6. April. 2) S. II., Heiliger, 257 bis 258, Märtyrer in der valerianischen Verfolgung. Fest: 6. August. 3) S. III., Heiliger, 432 bis 19.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.